Pencil Drawing Ideas Techniques: Analysis
If you learn the basics of drawing a pencil, you will need to start by describing the cool drawing ideas, whether you are an adult or a child. If you decide to master the basic techniques of pencil drawing ideas, whether you are an adult or a child, you need to start by describing simple objects and learn the basic rules of working with the material. The main thing is to be consistent, do all the steps in turn. And also, be calm and ready to learn.
Types of pencils
To master the different pencil drawing techniques, you need to know which material options used. Any pencil consists of a base (wood or plastic for a mechanical) and a lead, which can be graphite, but that’s not all.
Regular pencils, called simple pencils, have different softness: hard pencils marked with the letter H to H, soft B. The number next to the letter indicates the level of this indicator. For example, 5B – very soft lead.
Coloured pencils often used. It is interesting to work with watercolour pencils to complement both paints or as an independent material. For ease of use, other art materials are also made in pencils: coal, chalk, sanguine, etc.
What is needed besides pencils?
You can use different techniques for drawing with a simple pencil. By the selected option, paper and other related materials purchased. If you are going to make a thin contour drawing ideas, the sheet should be firm and smooth, and the pencils should be hard or medium. Errors corrected with a soft eraser.
If you are drawing volumetric images with the transition of light and shade using shading, the pencils should be sharpened, preferably not with a sharpener, but with a knife so that the free part of the lead protrudes 1- 1.5 cm from the base.
To work with the graphite shading method, you need a piece of soft paper, cloth, or cotton pad. For this type of work, paper with an uneven surface is suitable, for example, even watercolours and soft pencils. Excess graphite can be easily removed with a special soft eraser, such as plasticine or bread crumbs. As you can see, it is important to decide in advance by what method you will perform the task to prepare the materials properly.
Basics of Pencil Drawing Techniques
There are several ways to complete the picture:
- from memory or representation;
- nature (there is a real object in front of you);
- from a photograph or sample (copying method).
In either of these methods, the general sequence of work is as follows:
- Select the sheet size and its location (vertically or horizontally).
- Apply the basic dimensions of objects.
- Draw the outlines of large shapes.
- Draw small details.
- You deliver a number of things and chiaroscuro. It’s best to leave the lightest areas (highlights) white, and the dark ones will last as well.
If the chosen pencil drawing techniques involve shading or shading the entire sheet, work carefully to not rub the completed parts of the image with your hand. Place a sheet of paper under your hand or attach the cool drawing idea to a path and try to lean on the drawing ideas not around the edge of your hand but with your finger only.
How to Draw an Outline Image
This version of the work used as an independent technique or as a preliminary application of shapes of objects for subsequent study of light and shade or painting with paints.
The simplest pencil drawing technique for beginners is implementing an image from a sample into a grid of cells. Here’s how to do it:
- Take your favourite picture or picture and draw it or on film to not spoil the resource, a grid consisting of square cells. The smaller they are, the more accurate and easier it is to move the image.
- On a prepared piece of paper, draw the same grid with the same number of cells. If the image moved to the same size, then the size of the squares taken the same. To enlarge the sample, measure the cell size.
- Analyze the contours of the objects as they intersect the mesh cells superimposed on the sample and draw the same way on your sheet along the workpiece.
It is easier to translate the outline of the image through the glass. Behind it, there is a light source, but in this case, your sheet and the base of the sample should be thin and translucent.
If you paint professionally, do not use the options above, but work like this:
- Mark the boundaries of the entire composition within the sheet (left, right, top and bottom).
- Mark the basic proportional ratios of objects by eye or by making appropriate measurements, for example, with a pencil.
- Add details.
If the image is made to work with paints, shading, or shading, do it only in thin lines. If the work is going to be linear, it is usually worth highlighting the front of the objects with a softer pencil or a wide line.
How to add volume
Many people start by cool drawing ideas faces when they decide to master pencil drawing techniques. The picture is one of the most difficult subjects. If you decide to focus on it, please remember that every detail is a volumetric shape and not flat, just like it looks in a photo or photo. Nose, eyes, lips. All have their shade and black and white detailing. The same applies to any other object.
There are two ways to move the volume:
In the first case, the strokes are superimposed on the shape (perpendicular to a straight surface, arcuate to a complex spherical shape). To convey the effect of dense material, the strokes need to be applied close to each other so that there is no “grass” or “hair” on the face. It isn’t easy to do proper shading, for starters, so it is better to use the second method. Shading involves the imposition of a tone, followed by washing the graphite into the sheet within the shape of a particular object or part of it. Light and shadow transitions are softer, and the image is more realistic, although professionals typically do not use this method.
Cool Drawings techniques with watercolour pencils
This type of pencil is very exciting for both beginner artists and those who previously have experience in this profession. Watercolour pencils used in different ways:
- As an independent cool drawing material.
- To perform the details of a stunning painting made with watercolours.
- For painting and then blurring part of the image.
It is worth remembering that the detailing must be carried out at the end of the work so that water does not fall on the drawn elements. And if you blur two adjacent objects of different colours, you must first blur both shapes and only after that the boundary of interaction between the shapes.
As you can see, pencil drawing techniques vary with the material itself. If you are a beginner, do your first job by copying patterns to a grid. When you try your hand at a one line drawing, proceed with the shading. Shading and drawing from nature is the hardest thing to do.