std for men and women

Most common STDs for men and women

STDs have been around for a long time. The problem, however, is that people tend to not think about or worry about them when they should. For example, STD is the last thing people worry about when they are smitten or infatuated with their partner. Unfortunately, the fun part of sexual intercourse does not take away the fact that there is always the possibility of sexually transmitted infections and diseases. Anyone can get infected, both men and women. In most cases, one will not even know they have been infected until it is too late.

When it comes to STDs, one can never be too careful. Instead, it always pays to be knowledgeable and aware. There are several sexual health clinics London that you can visit if you want to get tested or want more information about STDs. In these clinics, you will be told that recognising the symptoms of STD is essential; however, some STDs like Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and herpes may not be noticed unless you get tested. For this reason, you will have to protect yourself during sexual intercourse. On that note, below are some common STDs that can affect both men and women. Fortunately, all can be treated, and most of them can be cured.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs that affect young people. It is mainly spread through vaginal or anal sex; however, it can also be spread through oral sex. One of the most common symptoms of Chlamydia is an odd discharge from the genitals, such as the vagina or the penis. Another common symptom is a burning or painful sensation when you pee. Note that only about 25% of women and 50% of men experience symptoms. This means that some people are asymptomatic, and this means that they can easily infect other people.

Bacteria cause Chlamydia and hence can be treated with antibiotics. If you are to be treated for Chlamydia, your partner should be tested and treated as well. After treatment, you and your partner should get some rest for about three months.

Gonorrhoea

Besides Chlamydia, gonorrhoea is another STD that is very common. Most times, people get gonorrhoea alongside Chlamydia. There are similarities between Chlamydia and gonorrhoea, and the similarities are in the symptoms. The symptoms of gonorrhoea include unusual discharge from the vagina or the penis and a painful or burning sensation when you pee. Most men infected with gonorrhoea experience symptoms; meanwhile, only 20% of womenexperience symptoms.

It is also caused by bacteria and thus can also be treated easily with antibiotics.

Syphilis

Syphilis is another common STD among young people, both male and female. The tricky thing about syphilis is that it attacks in four stages. In the primary stage, the major symptom is a sore. Syphilis is also called the ‘great imitator’ because the sore that manifests during the primary stage can look like anything from a cut to an ingrown hair or even a harmless bump.

In the secondary or second stage, rashes appear on the body, followed by sores on different parts of your body such as the mouth, vagina or anus. When it comes to the third or latent stage, the symptoms can disappear, and this stage can last for years or possibly for the rest of your life. According to statistics, only about 15% of people with untreated syphilis will develop to the final or last stage.

In the final or last stage, the organs and nerves of the body are affected as the disease can lead to organ damage, nerve damage or even brain problems.

Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics, however, the earlier the treatment, the quicker they will work and the fewer antibiotics you will need.

Human papillomavirus (hpv)

HPV is the most common STD ever recorded. It is so common that nearly everyone who is sexually active will get infected at some point in their life. HPV can be transmitted through vaginal sex, anal sex, oral sex and even through direct skin-to-skin contact.

In most cases of HPV, there are no symptoms, and the body eliminates them on its own. However, some types of HPV cause genital warts. There are other types of HPV, and they can infect the mouth and the throat, causing cancer of the mouth, throat and even cancer of the cervix and penis.

There are three vaccines that protect against cancer caused by HPV, and they include Cervarix, Gardasil and Gardasil-9. Gardasil and Gardasil-9 also protect you from genital warts, anal cancer and vaginal cancer. It is advised that young women and men from ages 11 – 26get vaccinated for HPV. For women, a pap smear test will be able to show most cervical cancers that are caused by HPV early on.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis mostly affects women than men. It is caused by a tiny parasite and can be transmitted to either the man or the woman through penis-vagina contact. Women can also transmit it to their fellow women when their genitals touch.

Of the people infected with trichomoniasis, only about 30% of people have symptoms that include burning sensation, itching and sore genitals. There might also be a smelly, clear, white, greenish or yellowish discharge.

Trichomoniasis can be treated with antibiotics, after which the patient should rest for three months.

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease, and this means that it is caused by a virus. There are two strains of the herpes virus, namely HSV-1 and HSV-2, and both strains can cause genital herpes, although the main culprit is HSV-2. The main symptom of herpes is painful blisters around the penis, vagina or anus. Unfortunately, you may get blisters inside your anus or vagina, and it will be difficult to see or feel them. Additionally, not everyone who has herpes gets blisters.

Herpes is easily transmitted, as it can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, including areas not covered with a condom. You are most contagious when you have blisters; however, you do not need them to pass the virus along. Being a viral disease, it cannot be treated. However, there are medications you can take to manage the symptoms.

HIV/AIDS

HIV is the virus that is responsible for the disease caused by AIDS. HIV is transmitted through body fluids like blood, vaginal fluids, semen and breast fluid. It is transferred through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person or by sharing sharp objects such as needles with an infected person. Note that HIV cannot be transferred through kissing.

The symptoms of HIV are not very particular, as they can resemble flu symptoms and include muscle aches, fatigue, slight fever and even diarrhoea. The only way to be sure of your status is by blood or saliva test.

It takes years for HIV to destroy your immune system, at which point you become exposed to several other dangerous illnesses. There is currently no cure for HIV, but there are effective and powerful drugs that help people who are infected live their normal lives.

If you are sexually active, you should always visit the nearest sexual health clinic to get tested. There are several private GUM clinics in London where you can get tested, such as Private GPs London. Get in touch with us today.

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