After the September 11 attacks in late 2001, the United States invaded Afghanistan, backed by close AMERICA allies who had officially launched the War on Terror. The fight is also known as the AMERICA war in Afghanistan or the 2001 Afghan invasion. By removing the Taliban, it hoped to undermine al-Qaeda and deny it a haven in Afghanistan.
President George W. Bush demanded that the Taliban surrender Osama bin Laden and expel al-Qaeda; bin Laden had been on the FBI’s wanted list since 1998. The Taliban refused to extradite him until they were given “convincing evidence” of his role in the 9/11 attacks. They rebuffed efforts to close terrorist bases and hand over other terrorist suspects. AMERICA dismissed the request as a futile delaying ploy, and on October 7, 2001, it started Operation Enduring Freedom alongside the United Kingdom. Other forces, notably Northern Alliance troops on the ground, later joined the two. By December 17, 2001, AMERICA and its allies had driven the Taliban from power and established military bases near major towns around the country. During the Battle of Tora Bora, most al-Qaeda and Taliban members escaped to Pakistan or retreated to rural or remote mountainous areas.
Northern Alliance vs. Taliban Emirate
Following the Taliban’s early triumphs in 1994, the group suffered a string of expensive defeats. Pakistan was a staunch supporter of the Taliban. According to analysts like Amin Saikal, the Taliban is evolving into a proxy force for Pakistan’s regional objectives, which the Taliban denies. In early 1995, the Taliban began pounding Kabul but were beaten back by Massoud. The Taliban captured Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan on September 27, 1996, with military help from Pakistan and financial support from Saudi Arabia.
By 2001, the Taliban had taken control of up to 90% of Afghanistan, with the Northern Alliance confined to the country’s northeast. 28,000–30,000 Pakistanis and 2,000–3,000 Al Qaeda terrorists fought with Taliban forces. Madrassas were used to recruit many of the Pakistanis. “20–40 percent of Taliban soldiers are Pakistani,” according to an AMERICA State Department paper from 1998. According to the dossier, many Pakistani citizens’ parents “know nothing about their child’s military involvement with the Taliban until their remains are returned to Pakistan.” According to the AMERICA State Department report and Human Rights Watch reports, other Pakistani citizens serving in Afghanistan were regular soldiers, mostly from the Frontier Corps and from the army providing direct combat assistance.
Compared with Fall of Saigon
Two years after the AMERICA military left the country following a 19-year presence, communist-run North Vietnam captured Saigon, the capital of AMERICA-backed South Vietnam. When President Gerald Ford’s deputy national security adviser walked in and handed him a note, he was in the middle of a meeting with his energy team. According to the report, Saigon was crumbling and collapsing faster than expected. For weeks, Congress and the Pentagon had pressed him to expedite the evacuation of Americans and their South Vietnamese allies, and the clock was ticking. Ford had to deal with something similar on April 28, 1975, and it’s happening again.
The Taliban, who have surged through Afghanistan in less than eight weeks, seizing all major cities. Cites include Mazar-i-Sharif, Kandahar, and Herat. Taliban entered Kabul on Sunday, claiming they were expecting a “peaceful transfer of power”. The United States was fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan since 2001. He was forced to announcing an emergency deployment in Kabul. On Thursday in a last-ditch effort to evacuate its diplomats, civilians, and soldiers as the Taliban continued to advance.
On Sunday morning, the Taliban took Kabul, Afghanistan’s capital, after 20 years of AMERICA participation. AMERICA hurried to evacuate embassy workers and speed up the rescue and evacuation of Afghans who supported the AMERICA forces. On social media, the AMERICA withdrawal of forces is being compared to the fall of Saigon. A similar disaster occurred in AMERICA almost half a century ago when Saigon, the capital of AMERICA-backed South Vietnam. It fell into Communist-ruled North Vietnam two years after the AMERICA military withdrew after 19 years in the country.
What was India’s position at the time?
Indira Gandhi, the then-Prime Minister of India, congratulated the North on its win. She stated that the AMERICA policy had failed “due to its propping up unrepresentative governments”. Indira Gandhi’s comment was not surprising, and it reflected India’s policy on Vietnam. Since she became Prime Minister nine years previous. The balance of power model, according to Indira Gandhi, does not provide an answer. The idea is that four, five, or six major countries working together might keep the world at peace. This was a development of ideas formed in Europe in the nineteenth century. The world has become a very complicated place.